Learning is universal. Research on cognition shows that basic learning occurs at similar stages for most children. All children can learn and most children learn to perform basic tasks, such as walking and talking, at relatively the same age. Researchers know that not only is learning universal, but that all children have very distinct preferences of what and how they learn. That is, children make very discriminating choices between what information they will actively commit to memory and what information is discarded. These choices are grounded in their personal life experiences which are indirectly determined by their family, culture and environment.