Long back, a college student visited Rabindranath Tagore’s Shantiniketan where he met Dr. Gurdial Malik, eminent scholar and Tagore’s personal secretary. In response to a request for his autograph, Dr. Malik complied adding the message “Know Thyself”. Emboldened, the student then met Tagore with his autograph book. The great man looked at Dr. Malik’s observation, smiled a bit and wrote “Forget Thyself” along with his signature. These two ancient laws of living are profound in wisdom; in this eBook we present some passages excerpted from the works of Sri Aurobindo and the Mother on these two counsels.